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วันนี้เรามีไอเดียดีๆมาแบ่งปันกันอีกเช่นเคย ไอเดียนี้นำมาจากเฟซบุ้ก Cha Tisol ซึ่งได้แบ่งปันวิธีเพาะเห็ดแบบง่ายๆ แทบไม่ต้องลงทุน และใช้อุปกรณ์ไม่มากเลย ซึ่งมีรายละเอียดดังนี้

เปลี่ยนท่อนไม้เป็นเห็ด

ช่วงฟ้าฝนดูจะไม่ค่อยเป็นใจเท่าใดนัก ทั้งลาวพม่า เวียดนามจมบาดาลกันทั่วหน้า เห็นหลายๆบ้านเร่งตัดตันไม้ เพราะกลัวว่าจะหักล้มทับบ้าน สมัยเป็นครูใหม่ๆ สอนเด็กเพาะเห็ดบนขอนไม้กัน เพราะทำง่าย ใช้อุปกรณ์น้อย

วันนี้เห็นท่อนไม้เลยเกิดไอเดียนำมาเสนอเพื่อเป็นทางเลือกสำหรับคนที่มีท่อนไม้ แต่ต้องบอกก่อนนะครับว่า เห็ดจากท่อนไม้จะมีคุณภาพสู้เห็ดก้อนไม่ได้ทั้งสี และความสวยงาม แต่แทบไม่ต้องลงทุน

สำหรับไม้ที่เราสามารถเพาะเห็ดได้นั้นสามารถเพาะได้เกือบทุกชนิด ไม้พุทรา มะม่วง ไทร ขนุน มะขาม สะแก นุ่น ก้ามปู กระถินณรงค์ นนทรี ฯลฯ เห็ดที่นิยมเพาะเช่น เห็ดหูหนู เห็ดนางรม เห็ดขอน เห็ดลม เห็ดหอม เป็นต้น

อย่ารอช้าเรามาเรียนรู้กันเลยนะครับ

1.เริ่มตั้งแต่เตรียมท่อนไม้ ควรมีเส้นผ่าศูนย์กลางตั้งแต่10-15 ซม.เล็กกว่านี้ได้ไหม ตอบว่าได้แต่จะผุเร็ว ความยาว 1-1.2 เมตร ไม้ต้องสด ไม้มียางตัดทิ้งไว้7 วัน


2. เจาะรูที่ท่อนไม้ด้วยสว่านขนาด5-6หุน ลึกประมาณ 3-5ซม. ห่างกันประมาณ 10 ซม.

3.การยอดหัวเชื้อเห็ด เรามี 2แบบ แบบขวดข้าวฟ่าง หยอดหัวเชื้อเห็ดลงไปรูละ 3-4 เม็ด ถ้าเป็นก้อนขยี้ให้ละเอียด ยัดลงไปในรู้ที่เราเจาะ ใช้ไม้ตอกให้แน่น นำฝาจีบ (ฝาขวดน้ำอัดลม) มาปิดรู ใช้ค้อนตอกเบาๆ ที่ฝาให้จมในท่อนไม้

4.การบ่มเชื้อหัวใจสำคัญการเพาะเห็ดบนท่อนไม้ ท่อนไม้ที่ใส่เชื้อเห็ดแล้ว ไปวางไว้ในที่ร่มอากาศถ่ายเท โคนต้นไม้ใหญ่ ไม่มีลมโกรกแรง ต้องหาวัสดุรองเพื่อไม่ให้ขอนไม้ถูกพื้นโดยตรง

วางขอนไม้ในลักษณะไม้หมอนรถไฟ กองสูง 1-1.5 เมตร ควรกลับกองไม้และพลิกทุก15วันหรืออย่างน้อย1เดือน เพื่อให้เส้นใยกระจายทั่วท่อนไม้ สำหรับระยะพักไม้ เห็ดหูหนูพักไว้ 2-3 เดือน เห็ดขอนขาวและเห็ดลม 4-6 เดือน เห็ดหอม 6-8 เดือน

5.นำท่อนไม้ที่บ่มเชื้อพอแล้ว ลงแช่น้ำประมาณ 18-24 ชั่วโมง ต้องกดให้จม

6.ก่อนนำเข้าโรงเรือนใช้ค้อนทุบหัวไม้ทั้งสองด้านเพื่อกระตุ้นเส้นใยเห็ด

7.วางขอนไม้แบบเผาข้าวหลาม รดน้ำที่พื้นโรงเรือนและขอนไม้ วันละ 2-3 ครั้ง ประมาณ 4-5 วัน เห็ดก็จะเริ่มออกดอกมาให้เห็น และสามารถเก็บได้ภายใน 4-5 วัน

ซึ่งเห็ดแต่ละรุ่นจะเก็บได้ประมาณ 10-12 วัน  ประมาณ 1 อาทิตย์ เห็ดก็จะออกดอกมาให้เก็บกิน เมื่อเก็บแล้ว ให้พักท่อนไว้ 2 วัน แล้วก็เริ่มรดน้ำใหม่

สำหรับขนากท่อนไม้มีผลต่อความนานในการเกิดดอก ท่อนไม้ใหญ่ก็จะสามารถทำให้เห็ดออกติดต่อกันได้นานบางครั้ง2-3ปี

คำคมวันนี้

การหาเงินให้ได้มา ไม่ใช่ว่าจะทำให้เราร่ำรวยเสมอไป การอุดรอยรั่วในชีวิต ลดค่าใช้จ่ายที่จำเป็นต่างหาก ที่เป็นปัจจัยให้เราแสวงหาคือความร่ำรวยนั่นเอง

ขอบคุณข้อมูลดีๆจาก Cha Tisol 

สปอนเซอร์

93 ความคิดเห็น

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